Do managed plantations result in monocultures that reduce biodiversity?

Some forest ecosystems exist naturally in monoculture stands. For example, yellow pine species in the southeastern US have existed in pure monoculture stands for centuries because they are the first species to repopulate a site after a disturbance (hurricane, fire, etc.). With the exclusion of natural fire, this process has changed. Some wildlife (such as deer and turkey) prefer such habitats for their speciļ¬c needs. Some management practices (such as fertilizer, controlled burning, thinning) may promote grasses and herbaceous plants that have a positive impact on biodiversity. If surrounding forests vary in their management intensity, biodiversity can be maintained on a larger geographic scale. This FAQ was adapted from Wood to Energy and used with permission.