Bio-based Products

Introduction

Petroleum-based feedstocks have dominated as industrial inputs over the past century. The rising petroleum prices, a decline in petroleum reserves, and consumer demand for environmentally friendly products are resulting in numerous opportunities for bio-based materials in the marketplace. This …

Biomass Chemical Products

Introduction

Numerous opportunities are emerging to expand industrial needs through the production and processing of biological materials. Biological feedstocks can be used as a substitute for petroleum-based feedstocks to make a variety of bulk, intermediate, and specialty chemicals. Biomass-related chemical …

Energy Basics

Introduction

Energy is one of the main applications of woody biomass and forest residues. Wood is the main source of energy for more than 2 billion people and provides more than 14 percent of the world’s total energy1. Demand for …

Bioenergy Policy Incentives

Introduction

Bioenergy, including forest biomass for energy, is a promising energy source. As outlined in other fact sheets, this source of energy has many benefits to society and the environment. Advancing the production and consumption of bioenergy will likely require …

Technological Processes: Thermochemical

Introduction

Woody biomass is converted into useful forms of energy (i.e. solid, liquid, or gaseous fuels) as well as useful products (e.g. polymers, bio-plastics, char, pellets, and acids) using a number of technological processes. Thermochemical processes depend on the relationship …